Projects - Feeders and Guzzlers
There are numerous bird feeders that are maintained by the WSA on WDFW lands to supplant native foods that are covered by snow in the winter. An example of the feeders used are depicted above - the feeder on the left is an “A-Frame” type feeder and the feeder on the right is a “Deer Friendly Feeder.” The latter is designed for easier access for filling and is sized to prevent deer and elk from accessing the grain. Both feeders contain barrels having a hole in their bottom and resting on a feed tray. The barrels are filled with wheat, corn or a combination of wheat and corn depending upon the type of birds in the vicinity that are being feed during the winter. They are filled with grain supplied by the WDFW in the late fall so that the birds have access to food when the ground is covered with snow. Birds being fed are predominately quail, chukars, Hungarian partridge, and turkeys.
There are numerous water sources that are maintained for birds, deer, big horn sheep, and elk. The water sources vary from old stock tanks that were used by the pioneer farmers on the WDFW lands, to modern stock tanks and vinyl half barrels inserted in the ground. An example of two of the devices are shown in the top two pictures. All of the devices are connected to natural springs located in the vicinity by PVC pipe – sometimes the springs are four to five hundred yards away. Often, the natural springs by themselves are too small, located in inaccessible vegetation, or located underground to maintain an adequate water source for the birds and animals. In early spring, the water sources are checked that they are properly functioning. Oftentimes, lines get blocked by silt, broken from freezing, or chewed by coyotes and have to be repaired.
Where natural springs are nonexistent, guzzlers are used to capture rain and snow melt. Two of the many guzzlers are depicted in the bottom two pictures. The one on the left depicts the natural vegetation that is in the area and the one on the right was rebuilt after it was burned in the 2013 Colockum wildfire. The guzzlers are composed of a five hundred-gallon, fiberglass tank buried in the ground and two collector shields that are used to capture snow melt or rain that fills the tank. There is a ramp that descends into the tank which birds can walk on to get to the water